Works Cited

1. Alonso AF, Barros-Del Rio MA. Resilience as a form of contestation in Langston Hughes' early poetry/La resiliencia como forma de contestación en la poesía temprana de Langston Hughes. Miscelánea: A Journal of English and American Studies. 2019;60:91-106.

2. Comas-Díaz L. Racial trauma recovery: a race-informed therapeutic approach to racial wounds. In: Alvarez AN, Liang CTH, Neville HA (eds). Cultural, Racial, and Ethnic Psychology Book Series: The Cost of Racism for People of Color: Contextualizing Experiences of Discrimination. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association; 2016: 249-272.

3. Ranjbar N, Erb M, Mohammad O, Moreno FA. Trauma-informed care and cultural humility in the mental health care of people from minoritized communities. Focus (Am Psychiatr Publ). 2020;18(1):8-15.

4. Evans AM, Hemmings C, Burkhalter C, Lacy V. Responding to race-related trauma: counseling and research recommendations to promote post-traumatic growth when counseling African American males. Journal of Counselor Preparation and Supervision. 2016;8(1).

5. Hong RC. Black dignity/white fragility: an extended review. Christian Scholar's Review. 2020;49(3).

6. Chaney C. You can never kill me: racism and resilience in hip hop. Journal of Popular Music Education. 2018;2(1-2):81-100.

8. U.S. Census Bureau. QuickFacts: United States. Available at https://www.census.gov/quickfacts/fact/table/US/PST045219. Last accessed April 23, 2021.

9. Karenga M. Trump's mind, mouth and fecal matters: racism's red meat and raw sewage. Journal of Pan African Studies. 2018;11(4).

10. American Psychiatric Association. Stress and Trauma Toolkit for Treating Historically Marginalized Populations in a Changing Political and Social Environment. Available at https://www.psychiatry.org/psychiatrists/cultural-competency/education/stress-and-trauma/general-treatment-recommendations. Last accessed April 23, 2021.

11. Spoont M, McClendon J. Racial and ethnic disparities in PTSD. PTSD Research Quarterly. 2020;4:1-12.

12. Resler M. Systems of Trauma: Racial Trauma. Available at http://www.fact.virginia.gov/wp-content/uploads/2019/05/Racial-Trauma-Issue-Brief.pdf. Last accessed April 23, 2021.

13. Lebron D, Morrison L, Ferris D, et al. Facts Matter! Black Lives Matter! The Trauma of Racism. Available at https://www.issuelab.org/resources/23698/23698.pdf. Last accessed April 23, 2021.

14. Laboratory for Culture and Mental Health Disparities. Racial Trauma Research: Clinical Assessment of Racial Trauma. Available at https://www.mentalhealthdisparities.org/trauma-research.php. Last accessed April 23, 2021.

15. Kezelman C, Stavropoulos P. The Last Frontier: Practice Guidelines for Treatment of Complex Trauma and Trauma Informed Care and Service Delivery. Kirribilli: Adults Surviving Child Abuse; 2012.

16. Jennings A. Models for Developing Trauma-Informed Behavioral Health Systems and Trauma-Specific Services. Available at http://www.theannainstitute.org/MDT.pdf. Last accessed March 12, 2021.

17. International Society for Traumatic Stress Studies. The ISTSS Expert Consensus Treatment Guidelines for Complex PTSD in Adults. Available at http://www.istss.org/ISTSS_Main/media/Documents/ComplexPTSD.pdf. Last accessed March 12, 2021.

18. Foa E. Effective Treatments for PTSD. 2nd ed. New York, NY: Guilford Press; 2009.

19. Sanders Thompson VL, Talley M, Caito N, Kreuter M. African American men's perceptions of factors influencing health-information seeking. Am J Mens Health. 2009;3(1):6-15.

20. Reynolds D. Prostate cancer screening in African American men: barriers and methods for improvement. Am J Mens Health. 2008;2(2):172-177.

21. Elder KT, Wiltshire JC, McRoy L, Campbell D, Gary LC, Safford M. Men and differences by racial/ethnic group in self-advocacy during the medical encounter. J Mens Health. 2010;7(2):135-144.

22. Courtenay WH. Key determinants of the health and well-being of men and boys. InternatJ Mens Health. 2003;2(1):1-30.

23. Sadovsky R, Levine L. Men's healthcare needs improvements: a recommendation for a midlife men's health assessment visit.J Mens Health Gender. 2005;2(3):375-381.

24. Assari S, Moazen-Zadeh E, Howard Caldwell C, Zimmerman MA. Racial discrimination during adolescence predicts mental health deterioration in adulthood: gender differences among Blacks. Front Public Health. 2017;5:104.

25. Work GB, Cropper R, Dalenberg C. Talking About Race in Trauma Psychotherapy. Available at https://societyforpsychotherapy.org/talking-about-race-in-trauma-psychotherapy. Last accessed April 23, 2021.

26. Lander NR, Nahon D. The Integrity Model: an existential approach in working with men, culture, and identity. Culture, Society and Masculinities. 2015;7(2): 73-86.

27. Gros DF, Flanagan JC, Korte KJ, Mills AC, Brady KT, Back SE. Relations between social support, PTSD symptoms, and substance use in veterans. Psychol Addict Behav. 2016;30(7):764-770.

28. Mattis JS, Jagers RJ. A relational framework for the study of religiosity and spirituality in the lives of African Americans.J Community Psychol. 2001;29(5):519-539.

29. Cosby R. Older African American adults: understanding the role of the Black church's support in the community. Journal of Religion & Spirituality in Social Work. 2020;39(4):353-371.

30. Newlin K, Knafl K, Melkus GD. African-American spirituality: a concept analysis. Adv Nurs Sci. 2002;25(2):57-70.

31. Ano GG, Vasconcelles EB. Religious coping and psychological adjustment to stress: a meta-analysis. J Clin Psychol. 2005;61(4): 461-480.

32. The Joint Commission. Spiritual Beliefs and Preferences: Evaluating a Patient's Spiritual Needs Available at https://www.jointcommission.org/standards/standard-faqs/critical-access-hospital/provision-of-care-treatment-and-services-pc/000001669/. Last accessed April 14, 2021.

33. Warria A, Chikadzi V. Guidelines for social work spiritual counselling in human trafficking cases. Journal of Social Development in Africa. 2019;34(2):39-66.

34. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. About the CDC-Kaiser ACE Study. Available at https://www.cdc.gov/violenceprevention/aces/about.html. Last accessed April 23, 2021.

35. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Preventing Adverse Childhood Experiences. Available at https://www.cdc.gov/violenceprevention/aces/fastfact.html. Last accessed April 23, 2021.

36. Fagan AA, Novak A. Adverse childhood experiences and adolescent delinquency in a high-risk sample. Youth Violence & Juvenile Justice. 2018;16(4):395-417.

37. Rosinski A, Weiss RA, Clatch L. Childhood adverse events and adult physical and mental health: a national study. Psi Chi. 2018;23(1):40-50.

38. Greenbaum VJ. Child sex trafficking in the United States: challenges for the healthcare provider. Plos Med. 2017;14(11):e1002439.

39. Brandon DT, Isaac LA, LaVeist TA. The legacy of Tuskegee and trust in medical care: is Tuskegee responsible for race differences in mistrust of medical care? J Natl Med Assoc. 2005;97(7):951-956.

40. Davis RG, Ressler KJ, Schwartz AC, et al. Treatment barriers for low-income, urban African Americans with undiagnosed posttraumatic stress disorder. J Trauma Stress. 2008;21:218-222.

41. Maguire-Jack K, Lanier P, Lombardi B. Investigating racial differences in clusters of adverse childhood experiences. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry. 2020;90(1):106-114.

42. Center for American Progress. Racial Disparities in Home Appreciation. Available at https://www.americanprogress.org/issues/economy/reports/2019/07/15/469838/racial-disparities-home-appreciation. Last accessed May 4, 2021.

43. The Sentencing Project. Report to the United Nations on Racial Disparities in the U.S. Criminal Justice System. Available at https://www.sentencingproject.org/publications/un-report-on-racial-disparities. Last accessed May 4, 2021.

44. American Psychiatric Association. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders. 5th ed. Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association; 2013.

45. Bonanno GA, Westphal M, Mancini AD. Resilience to loss and potential trauma. Annu Rev Clin Psychol. 2011;7:511-535.

46. Hobfoll SE, Palmieri P, Johnson RJ, Canetti-Nisim D, Hall BJ. Trajectories of resilience, resistance, and distress during ongoing terrorism: the case of Jews and Arabs in Israel. J Consult Clin Psychol. 2009;77(1):138-148.

47. Taher R, Allan T. Posttraumatic growth in displaced Syrians in the UK: a mixed-methods approach. Journal of Loss and Trauma. 2020;25(4):1-15.

48. American Psychological Association. APA Guidelines on Race and Ethnicity in Psychology. Available at https://www.apa.org/about/policy/guidelines-race-ethnicity.pdf. Last accessed May 6, 2021.

Evidence-Based Practice Recommendations Citations

1. Alves-Bradford J-M, Bailey R, Durham MP. Stress and Trauma Toolkit for Treating African Americans in a Changing Political and Social Environment. Available at https://www.psychiatry.org/psychiatrists/cultural-competency/education/stress-and-trauma/african-americans. Last accessed May 6, 2021.

2. American Psychological Association. APA Guidelines on Race and Ethnicity in Psychology. Available at https://www.apa.org/about/policy/guidelines-race-ethnicity.pdf. Last accessed May 6, 2021.



Privacy Policy
Copyright © 2021 CE Resource, P.O. Box 997571, Sacramento, CA 95899-7571
Mention of commercial products does not indicate endorsement.